Past Politicalization in
Its Consequences & Implications for the Future
By Randolph Riemschneider, B.Fel.
LLB Fellow, R.R., Berlin has reported his research in various fields of
chemistry in this publication, embedded into the eventful history from 1937
until today. The resulting correspondence and questions raised regarding past
and current events are reason enough to write a special paper entitled
"Past Politicalization in
Even during the Third
Reich under Hitler, the author had to "do battle" for his interest in
This battle continued in the post-war years in Thuringia (
At first, there was only
one university located in the Soviet sector where the author completed his
post-doctoral studies and obtained his habilitation in February 1948. In
January 1950, the author and about 15 collaborators moved from the Humboldt
University (HU) in East Berlin to the Free University (FU) in West Berlin which
had been founded with the aid of
At this point, let me
add a few explanations on the division of
a) the Federal Republic
of Germany (FRG) (supervised by the three Western forces), b) the
Soviet-dominated so-called German Democrat Republic (GDR), c)
In 1948, there were three universities in
a) the Humboldt University (HU) in Berlin
(EAST), the successor of
b) the Free University (FU) situated in
The new Universities Act
applicable in Berlin (WEST) which came into effect in 1969 and was initiated
during the socialist Brandt era[ii]
and the student movement of 1968 and 1969 caused drastic changes in the German
university system with irreparable consequences: A so-called democratisation of
the two universities, i.e. the Free University and the Technical University,
was put into motion and resulted in the creation of a mass university based on
the Communist role model of Peking. Even during the Third Reich, the powers
that were did not succeed with such serious interference! Moreover the
Here a few details on
All of these groups --
university lecturers of the old and new class, assistants, students and other service staff spent time in
endless meetings of committees, commissions and assemblies. All votes were
decided by majorities, i.e. incompetents
included. Role model:
FU colleagues affected, reactions from colleagues, burglary:
Prof.Dr. A. Dinghas, a former director of the 1st Mathematical Institute of the FU, told the author (whom he was very close to) at the beginning of the 1970s "that it's all over now, because the ratio will always be 8:7[vi] or even less favourable in all votes taken at the Department of Mathematics". The number of those "acting against reason" is growing even further. Prof.Dr.Dinghas, a close friend of Einstein, was the only member of the faculty who was able to counter the arguments of Senator Prof. Stein, the author of this law, when the draft was discussed on the occasion of a faculty meeting a few years before 1969, as Dinghas was able to foresee the science-destroying consequences of this law. Unfortunately, we were in the minority. A few Nays (including those of Dinghas and Riemschneider) against 20 Ayes. On this occasion, the author was unfortunately in those hard discussions no help for Dinghas, because he failed to foresee the implications of the law.
director of the
Chart 1: Emergency community for a free university
- Free University under hammer and sickle –
13 pages of text follow this title page.
directors: Büchi (12), Domes, Geisler,
Verteiler: Mitglieder und Interessenten der Notgemeinschaft; die Mitglieder des Abgeordnetenhauses und der Senat von Berlin, die Mitglieder des Ausschusses für Wissenschaft und Bildung des Deutschen Bundestages, Mitglieder der Bundesregierung, der Länderregierungen und der Landtage, die Rektoren der westdeutschen Universitäten, die Presse sowie sonstige Persönlichkeiten des öffentlichen Lebens.
Since he was in fear of the leftists; Prof.Dr. H. Gerhartz, head of the Oncology Department in Ward V at the Westend Teaching Hospital, did not dare cooperate openly with the author on the issues of "thalidomide/cancer treatment" and "vitamin C injections/cancer treatment", cf. Part I of “Re-Reading” pages 191/2 (1).
In the 1970s: A burglary
occurred at the Institute Building No. IV of the Central
That and how the
science-destroying machinations of leftist, so-called democratising forces and
the representatives of the 1969 movement can be countered has been shown in
various instances in the author’s “Re-Reading” (1) and can also be inferred
from the documents[vii] copied in Part Va, Vb.
In this respect, however, the prerequisites were favourable, because the
monographs printed in four editions at the end of the 1940s gave the author a
good start resulting in important foreign contacts which (unless done already
anyway) merely needed to be intensified after 1969. This means contacts to the
It is also to be found in the above-mentioned “Re-Reading” (1) segment how a number of talented collaborators fared at the democratized "Free" University after 1969 without the author as the dissertation supervisor being able to intervene. Under the secret motto: "Get rid of the old sods", employee contracts were not renewed as a result of secret ballots based on majority resolutions so that current dissertations could not be completed, such as those of Nolde, Schönfelder, and Hein. In the case of Ms.Taneja, the students demanded the room she worked in so that this thesis could not be completed either. For details, please refer to Part IV, pages 51-52, 329-333, Part II, 706, 712-713
In the course of a
six-year battle, the author succeeded in achieving the dissolution of the
Central Institute for Biochemistry and Biophysics established against his will,
at the end with the help of Congresswoman Dr.Besser and a number of colleagues.
However, this did not mean that the old status of a well-functioning
From 1975 to 1987, the
author "worked by the book" and successfully continued most of his
research outside the FU, both abroad and in
Reformation efforts concerning the Act of 1969:
The "Reforms of the 1969-Act"and later following "Reforms of the Reforms" prove the misguided development, but they were without the expected success: No holding up the described negative features. About 30 years later: Under European influences further errors were added, i.e. introducing "Bachelor" and "Master" (instead of "Diploma") promoting even more "mass universities".
List I: Example of a university career in
1: Brief des Rektors der Wilhelms Universität Berlin vom 18.7.1947: Lehrauftrag (teachingassignment)
2: Brief des Rektors der Wilhelms Universität Berlin vom 2.4.1946: Lehrauftrag, fortgesetzt
3: Bescheinigung(attestation) des Physiologisch-chemischen Instituts der Wilhelms Universität, Prof. Dr. K. Lohmann, vom 3.3.1948: venialegendi
4: Bescheinigung der Math.-Nat. Fakultät der Wilhelms Universität Berlin vom 5.3.1949: venialegendi
5: Bescheinigung des Physiologisch-chemischen Instituts der Wilhelms Universität Berlin vom 18.9.1949: Stellvertreter Lohmanns in Vorlesungen und Prüfungen
6: Ernennungsurkunde (documentofappointment ) 7.9.1949: Dozent für Organische Chemie in der Math.-Nat. Fakultät der Humboldt Universität Berlin (WANDEL-Ministerium)
7: Ernennungsurkunde vom 7.9.1949: Dozent für Physiologische Chemie in der Medizinischen Fakultät der Humboldt Universität Berlin (WANDEL-Ministerium)
8: Umhabilitierungsurkunde (documentofhabilitationtransfer ) vom 25.10.1950, ausgestellt von der Philosophischen Fakultät der Freien Universität Berlin
9: Ernennungsurkunde vom Senator für Volksbildung Berlin vom 11.6.1954: Ernennung zum außerplanmäßigen (extraordinary) Professor
10: Ernennungsurkunde zum außerplanmäßigen Professor (beamtet) vom 16.5.1956
11: Schreiben des Rektors der Freien Universität Berlin vom 13.6.1962: Institutsdirektor
12: Ernennungsurkunde zum ordentlichen(full)Professor vom Senat der Freien Universität Berlin vom 30.3.1966
The documents regarding the call of the author to the chair for Biochemistry on 1 April 1958 and his simultaneous appointment to the position of professor extraordinary have not been included in this list, because document 12 concerns the promotion from professor extraordinary to full professor and 11 shows the appointment to the position of director of the Institute of Biochemistry.
II: Example of a
university career in
13: Schreiben des Rektors der UFSM, Professor Dr Jose Mariano da Rocha Filho, unterdemMinisterium da Educacao e Cultura, from 25 August 1964, with the order to plan, to organize, and to realize a Chemical Central Institute with all chemical depts, based on the old well-tried German university system
14: Titelblatt des Entwurfs über den Aufbau eines Chemischen Zentralinstituts 1966/67: Projekt Riemschneider, 136 Seiten; vgl. auch Part I, p 136
15: Titelblatt der Druckschrift „ Organizacao e Estabelecimento do Institito Central de Quimica Universidade Federal de Santa Maria", Impresso na Imprensa Universitaria UFSM 1970, 17 Seiten
16: Schreiben des Rektors der UFSM: jährliche Einladung (annualinvitation) from 1965 zur Durchführung des Auftrages vom 25.Aug.1964 (Urkunde 13): Organisation und Aufbau eines chemischen Zentralinstituts und der entsprechenden Lehrveranstaltungen(teachingarrangements); hier als Beispiel die Einladung vom Nov 1971. Diese offiziellen Einladungen waren notwendig, um in Brasilia die notwendigen Mittel für Reisekosten, Aufenthalt ecc zu beantragen.
17: Druckschrift (booklet) „ Inauguração do Instituto Central de Química, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Convenio UFSM / AlemanhaOcidental", S.Maria 24.8.1973 containing also the author’s lectures receiving the honorary doctor award from 24.8.1973;
cf. also Part I, p. 161: ISBN 978-1-882292-28-8
Documents 1 to 12 and 13 to 17 in APPENDIX.
Unfortunately, what was feared has come to pass. Today, our country has a deficit of thinkers and leaders in the fields of politics[viii], banking, economy and science. This, of course, also applies to universities. Examples: "Fiascos in connection with awarding doctorates" (1), "Taking the wrong track in the Euro crisis" (2). The so-called "green party" and its followers whose role models were Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, and Rosa Luxemburg according to Helmers (3) are increasingly gaining ground. Today's green party is headed by von Claudia Roth, Jürgen Trettin, H.Ströbele and can be characterised by the motto "green on the outside, red on the inside", e.g. B. Six (4) "Das grüneIrrlicht - Fall Ströbele” (The green will-o'-the-wisp – the Ströbelecase) as well as revealing bulletins from “Die DeutschenKonservativen".
Remarkto “Die Deutschen Konservativen”:
The group "Citizens
for Strauss"(BürgeraktionDemokratenfürStrauß) which was founded by chancellor candidate Franz Josef Strauss and
Heinrich Hellwege, the former prime minister of the Deutsche Partei (DP) became
"Die DeutschenKonservativene.V." With the aid of the DP, Konrad
Adenauer had been elected German chancellor. Konrad Adenauer encouraged Kurt
If Adenauer was the
"godfather" of "Die DeutschenKonservativen", Strauss was
the "father". President Ronald Reagan, without whom there would have
been no German reunification, was a true friend of the German conservatives and
helped them often. He received the youth organization of the group in the
As already mentioned, in consequence of the 1969 beginning science-destroying development at German universities there is today a deficit of competent leaders in Europa. So, after “Past Politicalization and Consequences", the author cannot help writing the note "European Politicalization and EURO-crisis". In this case, the consequences will affect all of us.
European Politicalization and EURO-crisis
The governments in
Former Thyssen director
Dieter Spethmann (9) is warning against the time bomb national debt. "To
save the common currency, indebted countries should be given a chance to leave
the Euro zone. Then they could reintroduce their former currencies, devalue
them and thus pay back the major part of their national debt."
Alternatively, he says, a return to the status quo ante is possible. "There must be an end to
the Euro before the German real economy, presently the most efficient in
According to M. Brandstetter (10), the large banks have been manipulating interest rates: Libor scandal (11). There are two factors proving that such an interest manipulation has taken place. If a bank states a significantly higher interest rate than most other banks - as Barclays did conspicuously often in 2008 - it will be excluded form the Libor calculation. However, this will pull down the total average - which was the whole point of the exercise in the first place. The other reason for such manipulations is simply that an interest rate just a few basis points lower could earn Barclays millions over night.
Finishing the author wants to come back once more to the subject “Destruction of German universities” and to the first trials to fight against: In the “BAYERN KURIER” from Nov 14th, 1970 H.SCHOLL wrote that the scientists are forming against the destruction of universities. E.SCHUBBE reported in the “RHEINISCHER KURIER” from Nov 13th, 1970 on the foundation process of the “Bund Freiheit der Wissenschaft” which took place in the town-hall of Bonn-Bad Godesberg. Together with Prof.Büchi (cf. Chart 1) the author prepared a documentation of about 60 articles published between Nov 1971 and March 1971. The titles of some follow in (12).
(1) R.Riemschneider, "75 Years Chemistry – Re-Reading" Vol III, p 133- 137 (2011): ISBN 978-1-882292-35-6:"Cultural revolution at FU 1969" – call for elites 2004", there e.g. Daniel Guhr* (2004): "Warum hat Deutschland keineEliteuniversitätenwie die USA?"(Why does Germany not have universities comparable to the Ivy League ones in the U.S.A.?)
* Daniel Guhr, 36, managing director of the Illuminate Consulting Group, international scientific consultants with offices in Can Diego/Cal and Munich/Germany. After studying in Bonn, Harvard, Brandeis, Oxford/UC, Berkeley as well as the Max Planck Institute of Education Research in Berlin, he worked for the Boston Consulting Group. While there he financed studies with over dozen scholarships, getting his doctorate for his thesis on "University access in Germany and California".
(2) W.Hankel, W.Nölling, K.A.Schachtschneider, D-Spethmann, J.Starbatty, "Das Euro-Abenteuer geht zu Ende: Wie die Währungsunion unsere Lebensgrundlagen zerstört", (The Euro adventureiscomingto an end. How the currency union destroys our livelihood.)2011, Kopp-Verlag, D-72108 Rottenburg
(3) Peter Helmers a) "Die blutigen Ikonen der Grünen - Terroristen, Kommunisten,
Atheisten, Gesellschaftsveränderer", März 2012, Sonderausgabe des DEUTSCHLAND-Magazins, D-22083 Hamburg; b) "Die Grünen – Rote Wölfe im grünen Schafspelz" (The Green Party - redwolves in sheep'sclothing)
(4) Billy Six, "Das grüne Irrlicht",Juli 2012, wie (3)
(5) Unofficial designation for the support and stabilisation contracts ESFS and ESM:
EFSF = European Financial Stability Facility, for 3 years from 2010, then to be replaced by the ESM = European Stability Mechanism, the second Euro rescue net which is far more extensive than the EFSF (up to 700 billions for loans to shaky states and banks).
(6) ECB is the first and foremost Euro currency guardian and was supposed to act independently of political instructions. In the meantime, this rule has been undermined, for example by buying bad loans which has happened and is still happening.
(7) P. Helmers "Beim Zeus, Ihr Griechen – raus aus mit Euch!" (By Zeus, you Greeks - get out!"), Deutschland Magazin, special edition 2012, 79 pages. Just two points from the contents. "During the decisive debate in the German Parliament in 1999, the Red-Green administration under Schröder, Eichel and Fischer pushed the acceptance of Greece into the currency union - an inflation intended by the government which would then help get rid of the national debt - with the consequence of mass poverty."
(8) B.-T-Ramb, "Der Zusammenbruch unserer Währung und wie man sich darauf vorbereitet" (The collapseofourcurrencyandhowtoprepareforit), WPR Wirtschafts- und Verbands-PR GmbH 2010; ISBN: 978-3-910087-03-3.
(9) D. Spethmann, "Zeitbombe Staatsverschuldung" (Time bomb national debt), Dreesbach Verlag, Munich, 2012, 55 pages.
(10) JUNGE FREIHEIT No. 30-31/12 - 20 July 2012.
(11) Libor is the acronym for London Interbank Offered Rate, i.e. the interest rate banks charge to each other if one bank gives a short-term loan to another (www.bbalibor.com): Libor interest rates are calculated for ten different currencies and 15 different terms. The most important one is the three month Libor on the U.S. dollar. The Libor is determined on each business day at 11 a.m. by a total of 16 banks which then inform the Bank of England what the interbank rate to be paid by them is. Of the total of 16 quotations, both the highest and the lowest four rates are disregarded and an average rate calculated from the remaining quotations which then yields the Libor for that day (which seems antiquated to the author).
(12) DocumentationofR.RiemschneiderandBüchi on theGründungsprozeß des Bundes „Freiheit der Wissenschaft“ from April 1970; cf. also: Bund Freiheit der Wissenschaft, Gründungskongreß in Bonn-Bad Godesberg on 18.Nov.1970, HPI-Schriften, Köln 1970. Heresometitles:
a) „Ein böser Vergleich“ aus „DIE WELT“ vom 17.Nov.1970, S.4: Der neue Vorsitzende der Bundesassistentenkonferenz, Schulmeister, hat sich dazu verstiegen, den „Bund der Freiheit“ mit der NSDAP von Hitler zu vergleichen.
b) Konrektor P.Glotz hält den Zusammenschluß für eine Seifenblase, er schreibt das unter dem Titel „Die bündnischen Professoren“ in der SÜDDEUTSCHEN ZEITUNG vom 18.11.70
c) „Antwort der deutschen Professoren auf die Radikalisierung: Gründungskongreß des Bundes „Freiheit der Wissenschaft“ in „NEUE ZÜRICHER ZEITUNG“ vom 26. Nov 1970, Fernausgabe Nr.310.
d) B.Nellessen,“Freiheit für die Wissenschaft: Widerstand der Professoren“ (freedomforthescience, resistenceoftheprofessors) in „DIE WELT“ vom 20.11.70, S.4
e) “NotgemeinschaftzurRettung der Universität” (emergency community for saving the university) founded simultaneously in Bonn, New York, Paris, and other capitals - an article of NIELS von HOLST: “There was nothing comparable in the history of “Geistesleben”: 100 scientists of 3 continents: WERNER HEISENBERG and 6 not German nobelpreis winners , as well as 93 other internationally well-known scientists (researchers) of Germany, France, Italy, England, Netherlands, USA, Australia were speaking with one voice and presenting the public a memorandum concerning university crisis and founding an international commitee
f) to e) the „Memorandum zur Hochschulkrise: Internationales Komitee zur Rettung der Universität gegründet“ in der SÜDDEUTSCHEN ZEITUNG vom 20.11 70, S.5.,verfaßt von unserer Bonner Redaktion.
g) W.Wolf, „Universität wehrt sich: 1500 Teilnehmer beim Gründungskongreß des Bundes Freiheit der Wissenschaft“, aus „STUDENT“ Dez.1970, 2 Seiten
h).E.Topitsch, „Bonzokraten im Papageienhaus: Aufstieg der radikalen Linken an den Universitäten hat zu einer Herrschaft der arroganten Dürftigkeit geführt“, 24.4.1971; vgl. auch die Werke von Prof.Topitsch „Mythos – Philosophie – Politik“ 1969 und „Die Freiheit der Wissenschaft und der politische Auftrag der Universität“ 1968.
i) H.Schäfer, Prof der Physiologie in Heidelberg „Ich fühle mich nicht selten an das Jahr 1932 erinnert“ in „Die WELT“ vom 12. Jan 1971, S.7: Er warnt vor dem Zerfall der Universitäten.
APPENDIX: List I and List II.
List I: Stages of a university career sketched by documents
List II:University career in Brazil
[i]Award of the doctorate in February 1945, just before the end of World War II.
[ii] By granting the GDR diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state, the Brandt administration had made the division of Germany into three parts official, i.e. they had abandoned the German concept of 1848 (“den Deutschlandbegriff von 1848”)
[iii] by the name of Kreibich who had come from the German Democrat Republic together with P. Wunderlich, a pre-graduate in Chemistry, working at the author’s institute
[iv] in the meantime just a kind of blank staff (Leerkörper)
[v] This is not a
[vi]Fachbereichsrat (council of department)mathematics had 15 members
[vii] see also Lists I and IIin APPENDIX
[viii] see Part IV, p 948, : ISBN 978-1-882292-36-1 (1)
[x]not to forget President Gorbachov
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